dearJulius.com

20 unconscious biases that still impact black women today

© Shutterstock/fizkes

By Erin Daley, Espresso

Black women in America face a broad range of unconscious (and in many cases, very conscious and obvious) biases that affect their health, happiness, education, and economic opportunities, from inequality in healthcare and increased punishment in school to discrimination in the workforce.


Inequality in healthcare

© Shutterstock/Rawpixel.com

In 2005, the National Academy of Medicine (NAM) released a report that found that “racial and ethnic minorities receive lower-quality health care than white people—even when insurance status, income, age, and severity of conditions are comparable.” According to an article by Harvard’s School of Public Health, black women in the United States “face risks to their health from discrimination—both from health professionals who don’t take their concerns seriously and from biological wear and tear caused by chronic stress.”

The result? Black women in America face poorer health outcomes, from breast cancer, heart disease, and diabetes to obesity, high blood pressure, depression, and even Alzheimer’s.


Stigma against natural hair

© Shutterstock/mimagephotography

In 2016, the Perception Institute released a report on whether Americans generally show bias toward natural hair worn by black women. The report found that white women find black women’s natural hair to be “less beautiful, less sexy/attractive, and less professional than smooth hair,” and that “black women perceive a level of social stigma against textured hair.”


Punished more in school

© Shutterstock/wavebreakmedia

According to an article in The Guardian, black and brown girls in America are “disproportionately punished, criminalized, and even physically assaulted in their schools by their teachers, administrators, and school police officers.” They are more often suspended, expelled, or arrested than their white classmates for infractions such as falling asleep in class, talking back to school officials, showing normal emotions, or even for wearing their hair naturally.


Judged and portrayed according to racial stereotypes

© Shutterstock/Rawpixel.com

Racial stereotypes dating to the Jim Crow era still influence how black women are perceived and portrayed in the media. The four main stereotypes for black women from this era—the Mammy (an unattractive matronly figure), Aunt Jemimah (similar to the Mammy, but focused on domestic duties such as cooking), Sapphire (a bossy, headstrong woman who puts down her husband), and Jezebelle (the harlot)—still crop up in mainstream media today.


Discriminated against in the workplace

© Shutterstock/Flamingo Images

Black women are under enormous pressure to perform better than their peers at work. According to studies by Joan Williams, a professor at the University of California Hastings College of the Law, 77 percent of black women said they experienced having to provide more evidence of competence than men. “Black women often feel like they can't make a single mistake,” says Williams. “They would lose all credibility.”


Discriminated against in the hiring process

© Shutterstock/UfaBizPhoto

Just getting a foot in the door can be twice as tough for black women. A 2003 study by the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) found that applicants with white-sounding names received 50 percent more callbacks for interviews than those with African American–sounding names. Things get even tougher when applicants are identifiable as female. Tech industry recruiter Speak with a Geek found that when gender on résumés was included, women got 5 percent of the interviews. When gender wasn’t included, they got 54 percent.


Viewed as less attractive in online dating

© Shutterstock/mimagephotography

Online dating can be a minefield for anyone, but when you’re a black woman, things get a lot harder. In 2009, OkCupid found that “non-black men were less likely to start conversations with black women,” whereas “black men showed little racial preference either way.” In a 2014 update, the results were pretty much the same, with black women being rated as “less attractive than women of other races and ethnicities.”


Perceived as less innocent

© Shutterstock/Flamingo Images

According to a recent report from Georgetown Law’s Center on Poverty and Inequality, black girls are “perceived as more adult-like and less innocent than white girls in school and other environments.” Researchers call this phenomenon “adultification bias,” noting that black girls are viewed as needing less support and older than they actually are, and are treated more harshly than white female students.


Viewed as a threat

© Shutterstock/Joseph Sohm

According to Dionne Grayman, career educator and activist, “white women’s rage is given prominent position as a healthy exercise of power acquisition,” whereas the stereotype of the angry black woman has been used to silence black women and their rage is seen as threatening.


More likely to experience violence and abuse

© Shutterstock/fitzcrittle

Black women and girls are extremely vulnerable to abuse in America. According to the National Center for Victims of Crime, approximately 22 percent of black women in the United States have been raped at some point in their lives. According to a 2015 Violence Policy Center study, black women are two and a half times more likely to be murdered by men than white women. 


Less likely to be believed

© Canadian Press/Lacy Atkins

Even though black women and girls are more likely to suffer violence and abuse, according to an article published by the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), they are “seldom seen as victims,” but rather as “deserving of harm or unable to be harmed.” As a result, they are less likely to be believed by the justice system and are sometimes incarcerated even when they are the victims, as seen in the case of 16-year-old Cyntoia Brown, who was sentenced to life in prison for killing the man who solicited her for sex and then became violent with her.


Less likely to be correctly recognized by AI

© Shutterstock/Andrey_Popov

Artificial intelligence is increasingly deployed in a range of fields, but that doesn’t mean it’s neutral. In fact, the opposite may be true. Gender and racial bias seem to be built into AI systems. For instance, the facial recognition error rates for AI companies was about 1 percent for lighter-skinned men, but a whopping 35 percent for darker-skinned women. Alarmingly, “AI systems from leading companies have failed to correctly classify the faces of Oprah Winfrey, Michelle Obama, and Serena Williams.”


Blocked from academia

© Shutterstock/ImageFlow

According to a 2016 study by the National Center for Education Statistics, black women occupied just 3 percent of the 1.5 million faculty positions in degree-granting post-secondary institutions, whereas white men held 41 percent and white women held 35 percent.


Not promoted in STEM

© Shutterstock/PhotoSky

Even though, in 2016, black women earned over 33,000 undergraduate degrees in science and engineering, and 24 percent of doctorates earned by black women were in STEM, by 2017, only 5 percent of managerial jobs in STEM were held by black women and men combined, according to the National Science Foundation.


Not promoted in general

© Shutterstock/fizkes

The issue isn’t just in STEM—according to the Women in the Workplace 2018 survey, only one in 25 senior leaders is a woman of color. Throughout the corporate pipeline, from entry level to C-suite, women of color remain the most underrepresented group.


Marginalized in Hollywood

© Michael Buckner/Variety/Shutterstock

Viola Davis (pictured) compared being a black actress in Hollywood to being the little girl in The Exorcist. It wasn’t a pretty picture. Black characters, explained Davis, have always been marginalized in Hollywood, while there seem to be endless cinematic universes of multidimensional white people.


Overlooked and undervalued in art

© Shutterstock/RossHelen

Historically, the contributions of black women artists have been overlooked or undervalued. In fact, 85 percent of artists featured in permanent collections are white and 87 percent are men, according to a study published in the journal PLOS ONE.


Excluded from white feminism

© Shutterstock/Rawpixel.com

The feminist movement has long been criticized for focusing on white women’s experiences while neglecting issues unique to black women, in turn invalidating their experiences and causing them to feel excluded.


Paid less

© Shutterstock/Andrey_Popov

The gender-based wage gap hits black women the hardest. The Economic Policy Institute looked at the wage gap between black women and white women and found that “black women work more hours than white women. They have increased work hours 18.4 percent since 1979.” Despite this increase, black women still make 17 percent less than white women.


At greater risk for violence

© Shutterstock/Debby Wong

Black trans and non-binary individuals face a high risk of violence. A 2015 survey found that “53 percent have experienced sexual violence, and 56 percent have experienced domestic violence.” In 2018, a staggering 26 transgender people were murdered in the United States, the majority of whom were black transgender women.

See more at: Espresso 

COMMENTS




Made with in NYC
Name

4th of July,7,Abu Dhabi,2,Accessories,234,Acne,13,Adventure,32,Adventure Travel,638,Advice,295,Africa,26,African Food,2,AIDS,1,Air Travel,150,Alabama,5,Alaska,20,Alberta,1,Alcohol,4,All About Beer,1,All About Wine,2,Alternative Treatments,4,America,77,American Food,5,Amsterdam,2,Android,11,Anguilla,3,Animal,367,Animal Health,1,Animals,103,Anniversary,1,Anniversary Cake,11,Antarctica,7,Anti-aging,49,Antigua,3,Appetizers & Snacks,2,Apple,11,Apps,16,Argentina,15,Arizona,19,Arkansas,2,Armenia,1,Asia Travel,47,Asian Food,7,Asthma,4,Athens,3,Austin,8,Australia,92,Australian Food,1,Austria,13,Autism,1,Auto Insurance,1,Auto Show,52,Autos,639,Azerbaijan,1,Baby Shower Cake,29,Back Pain,25,Bags,10,Bahamas,13,Balance Work & Life,50,Banana Cakes,2,Bangladesh,8,Barn Finds,1,Bathroom,43,Be a Better Manager,33,Beach Travel,58,Beaded Dress,2,Beards and Shaving,29,Beauty,1888,Beauty & Style,35,Beef Recipes,7,Belarus,1,Belgium,9,Belize,15,Bermuda,5,Best Products,17,Better Partner,40,Beverages,3,Bhutan,9,Bills to Pay,35,Birds,4,Birth Control,1,Birthday Cake,109,Blue Lagoon,2,Blueberry Cake,11,Bolivia,3,Books,1,Botswana,3,Brazil,38,Bread,11,Breads,1,Break Room,12,Breakfast & Brunch,6,Breakup,19,Breakups,3,breast,1,Breasts,69,Broken Hearts,5,Brownie,8,Brunei,1,Budget Travel,97,Bundt Cake,30,Business Skills,102,Butter Cake,52,Buying,1,By Region,3,Cake Decorating,113,Cakes,54,California,109,Cambodia,4,Camera,6,Canada,80,Cancer,73,Car Shows,1,Car Tech,2,Caramel Cake,5,Career,293,Career Advice,298,Career Choice,125,Career Growth,180,Career Paths,24,Career Problem,8,Caribbean,45,Caribbean & Mexico,5,Carrot Cake,22,Cats,49,Celebrity,17,Celebrity Dress,2,Celebs,1,Ceremonial Cake,9,Certified Pre-Owned Vehicles,1,Cheese Recipes,4,Cheesecakes,251,Chicago,7,Chicago Auto Show,2,Chicken Recipes,14,Chiffon Cake,5,Children's Health,21,Chile,7,China,21,Chocolate Cake,395,Christmas,35,Christmas Cake,23,Christmas Travel,14,Classic Cars,39,Cleaning Tips,144,Clinical Practice,1,Clothes,1,Cocktail Recipes,2,Coconut Cake,21,Coffee,1,Coffee Cake,15,Coliseum,1,Colombia,18,Colorado,32,Columbia,3,Communication,2,Companies,2,Compassion,2,Computing,16,Connecticut,4,Consumer Electronics Show,5,Cookies,10,Cooking,8,Corporate Travel,2,Costa Rica,13,Country Travel,249,Creative,309,Creative Idea,22,Creative Ideas,37,Croatia,15,Cruiser Travel,16,Cuba,18,Cultural Travel,66,Cupcake,322,Customs & Classics,2,Czech Republic,6,D.C.,2,Dandruff,1,Dating,18,Dating Advice,73,Dating Advice for Women,22,Dating Tips,13,Decor,23,Decorating Ideas,181,Delaware,1,Demotivational,636,Denmark,12,Dental Health,26,Dentistry,1,Depression,24,Desert Travel,1,Desserts,3,Detroit Auto Show,4,Diabetes,25,Diet,131,Dining Out,3,Dinner,14,Disease,116,Divorce,16,DIY,112,DIY Fashion,34,Dogs,156,Doughnuts,5,Dress,29,Drink,27,Drinks,1,Drinks & Cocktails,4,Driving,3,Drugs,3,Dubai,15,Ears,2,East Africa,4,Easter,1,Easter Island,1,Easter Travel,1,Eco Travel,18,Ecuador,7,Education,87,Eggs,3,Egypt,4,Electronics,4,Electronics and Gadgets,2,Emirates,1,England,13,Entertainment,148,Enthusiasts,131,Entrepreneurship,40,Estonia,2,Eswatini,1,Ethiopia,2,Europe,110,European Food,8,Exercises,51,Eye,300,Eye Health,28,Eyebrow,56,Eyelash,20,Face,54,Facts,284,Fall Travel,43,Family,16,Family Travel,128,Faroe Island,1,Fashion,395,Fashion for Kids,2,Fashion for Man,12,Fashion for Woman,31,Fat Loss,91,Father's Day Cake,4,Father's Day Travel,1,Featured,218,Features,1913,Fertility,2,Festival Travel,25,Fiji,6,Finance,129,Finland,16,Fish & Seafood,13,Fitness,1177,Fitness & Exercise,219,Florida,69,Food,305,Food and Drink,14,Food Recipes,7,France,37,Frankfurt Motor Show,2,Free Travel,3,French,6,French Polynesia,5,Friendship,40,Fruit & Veggie Recipes,8,Fruitcake,70,Fruits,4,Fuel Economy,1,Fun,42,Funny,546,Gadgets,31,Galapagos,3,Games,12,Garden,24,Gardening,277,Gearheads,1,General,7,Geneva Motor Show,3,Georgia,14,Germany,18,Get Healthy,63,Ghana,2,Girlfriend Grooming,10,Google,15,Graduation Cake,2,Gratitude,11,Greece,37,Green Living,5,Greenland,1,Grooming,89,Guatemala,2,Hair,1264,Hair Care,317,Hair Color,299,Hairstyle,65,Hairstyles,855,Halloween,41,Halloween Cake,12,Halloween Travel,9,Happiness,19,Hawaii,53,Hayden Panettiere,1,Headache,22,Health,940,Health & Fitness,300,Health Care,491,Health Insurance,1,Healthcare Tech,6,Healthy,12,Healthy Drinks,31,Healthy Eating,186,Healthy Habits,159,Healthy Living,345,Hearing,1,Hiking Travel,63,HIV/AIDS,4,Holiday Travel,28,Holland,1,home,31,Home & Garden,205,Home and Decor,483,Honeymoon Travel,128,Hong Kong,13,Horoscope,31,Hot Rod Power Tour,1,Hotels,71,Housekeeper,8,Hungary,3,Ice cream Cake,21,Iceland,41,Idaho,4,Ideas,11,Illinois,13,Imports,1,Impress a Girl,20,Impress Women,4,Independence Day Travel,1,India,36,Indiana,5,Indonesia,13,Indoor Gardening,69,Industry,5,Inspiration,58,Insurance,5,Internet,19,Internship,8,Interview Skills,37,Investing,12,iPad,2,iPhone,6,Iraq,1,Ireland,36,Island,60,islands,2,Israel,9,Italy,56,Jamaica,8,Japan,44,Jealousy,2,Jewelry,13,Job Search,47,Jordan,6,Just For Fun,2,Kansas,6,Kentucky,2,Kenya,2,Kids,3,Kids & Pets,10,Kitchen,67,Koala,1,Korea,2,Kyrgyzstan,1,Lamb,2,Laptops,4,Latin America,3,Latin American Food,1,Latvia,1,Laundry,6,Layer Cake,95,Leadership,44,Legs,1,Lemon Cake,18,Life,1,Life Hacks,273,Lifestyle,1118,Lips,134,Lithuania,2,London,24,Long Distance Relationship,24,Los Angeles Auto Show,14,Louisiana,9,Love,165,Lowa,4,Lunch,5,Luxembourg,1,Luxury Travel,35,Maine,6,Maintenance,3,Makeup,608,Makeup & Beauty,11,Makeup Tips,77,Malaysia,1,Maldives,15,Malta,2,Mango Cake,3,Manicure,10,Marketing,10,Markets,11,Marriage,97,Marshmallow,3,Maryland,6,Massachusetts,9,Massage,5,Mauritius,6,Meditation,35,Men & Women,18,Men's,4,Men's Health,14,Menstruation,21,Mental Health,302,Mexico,74,Miami,13,Michigan,5,Microsoft,6,Middle Eastern Food,2,Mind,3,Mississippi,2,Missouri,7,Mobile,22,Moldova,1,Monaco,1,Money & Career,21,Monkey,1,Montana,12,Morocco,20,Mother's Day Travel,1,Motherhood,16,Motivation,2,Motorcycles,106,Motorsports,2,Mousse,2,Muffins,9,Mug Cake,14,Multiple Sclerosis,1,Muscle Cars,4,Muscle Cars & Hot Rods,3,Muscle Gain,2,Myanmar,9,Nail Art,195,Nails,252,Namibia,4,Nature,4,Nature Travel,102,Nepal,6,Netherlands,11,Nevada,23,Nevis,1,New Bikes,2,New Car Deals,1,New England,5,New Jersey,2,New Mexico,6,New Year Fashion,6,New Year's Day Travel,6,New York,55,New York Auto Show,3,New York City,20,New Zealand,47,Newfoundland,1,Newlyweds,4,News,334,Nicaragua,2,North America,11,North Carolina,6,North Dakota,1,North Ireland,1,Northern Ireland,1,Norway,20,Nutrition,447,Occasional Travel,9,Oceania,1,Offbeat,820,Ohio,6,Oman,5,Online Date Tips,2,Operating Systems,2,Oral,4,Oregon,10,outdoor,3,Outfits,166,Ownership,61,Pain,24,Painting,16,Pakistan,2,Panama,5,Pancake,19,Panda,1,Panna Cotta,3,Paraguay,1,Parenting,370,Paris,23,Paris Motor Show,4,Pasta,2,Pastry,7,Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance,2,Pedicure,4,Penguin,4,Pennsylvania,10,People & Places,88,Perfumes,14,Personal Finance,164,Peru,21,Pets,310,Phoenix,1,Photo Feature,1,Pie,27,Pimple,3,Plum Cake,1,Poke Cake,10,Poland,3,Popular Ingredients,26,Pork Recipes,7,Portable Media,14,Portugal,21,Pound Cake,55,Prague,1,Pregnancy,112,Premium,1,Printer,2,Protein Bars,1,Psychology,1,Pudding,9,Puerto Rico,7,Pumpkin Cake,45,Qatar,6,Quick & Easy Recipes,11,Real Estate,72,Recalls,4,Recipe,1098,Recipes,52,Recipes & Meal Ideas,3,Recipes By Course,5,Relationship,167,Relationship Advice,180,Relationship Advice for Men,23,Relationship Advice for Women,27,Relationship Problems,58,Relationship Secrets,14,Relationships,148,Research,94,Resort,11,Restaurants & News,13,Resume,11,Retirement,10,Reviews,1,Rhode Island,2,River Travel,2,Road Trips,49,Romania,4,Romantic Getaways,15,Rome,5,Russia,16,Safety,5,Saint Lucia,1,Saint Patrick's Day Travel,1,Salad,6,San Miguel de Allende,1,Science & Tech,66,Scotland,10,Seasonal,56,Seasonal Travel,59,Security,9,Self Help,14,Self-Care,3,SEMA Show,5,Senior Relationship,2,Sex,7,Sexual Health,19,Shanghai Auto Show,7,Shaving,1,Sheet Cake,20,Shirt,4,Shoes,29,Shopping,10,Shots & Shooters,1,Side Dishes,4,Sightseeing Tours,2,Singapore,18,Ski Resorts,10,Skin,429,Skin Caare,1,Skin Care,609,Sleep,62,Slovenia,6,Small Business,163,Smartphone,28,Smile,1,Smoothies & Juices,3,Snacks,1,Social Media,44,Solo Travel,24,Solomon Islands,1,Somoa,1,Soth Africa,1,South Africa,14,South America,3,South Carolina,4,South Dakota,5,South Korea,3,South Pacific,2,Space Travel,14,Spain,33,Special,46,Special Cake,579,Special Feature,113,Special Features,490,Sponge Cake,15,Sports,22,Sports and Exotics,4,Sports Cars,8,Spring Travel,23,Squirrel,1,Sri Lanka,6,Strawberry Cake,22,Street Fashion,8,Stress Relief,35,Stroke,2,Student Travel,1,Style Guide,25,Summer Travel,53,Summer Vacation,8,Supercars,10,Sweden,19,Swiss Alps,1,Switzerland,20,Tahiti,1,Taiwan,3,Tanzania,1,Tarts,12,Tattoos,81,Taxes,7,Teas,2,Tech,89,Tech Advice,12,Tech Education,7,Tech Hacks,19,Tech Updates,2,Technology,154,Teen Advice,4,Teeth,5,Tennessee,6,Texas,57,Thailand,31,Thanksgiving Cake,4,Thanksgiving Travel,5,Therapy,3,Things to Do,165,Tibet,2,Tips,264,Tips & Tricks,6,Tokyo Motor Show,2,Tools & Skills,16,Top Stocks,1,Top Stories,1,Traditional Cake,4,Train Travel,23,Training,1,Transportation,22,Travel,308,Travel Advice,64,Travel Apps,1,Travel Guide,40,Travel Tips,149,Trends,7,Trucks,1,True Health,5,Tunisia,2,Turkey,10,Turkish,1,Tuscany,1,TV,2,UAE,10,UK,40,Ukrine,1,Understanding Women,28,Urban Travel,47,Uruguary,1,USA,629,Utah,12,Uzbekistan,1,Vacation Travel,245,Valentine's Day Cake,7,Valentine's Day Travel,1,Vanilla Cake,17,Vegetables,3,Vehicle Travel,2,Venezuela,1,Vermont,4,Victoria Falls,1,Video,5,Vietnam,5,Virginia,5,Waffles,3,Washington,15,Washington DC,20,Waxing,19,Web & Social,17,Wedding,87,Wedding Cake,549,Wedding Dress,30,Weddings,60,Weddings Travel,4,wei,1,Weight Gain,29,Weight Loss,755,Weird,172,Wellness,193,West Indies,2,Wi-Fi,2,Wildlife Travel,13,Winter Travel,56,Wisconsin,5,Women Lifestyle,23,Women's,272,Women's Health,173,Work Environment,77,Workout,8,Workouts,81,Worldwide,155,Wyoming,2,xxx,1,Yemen,1,Yoga,85,YouTube,3,Zadar,2,Zambia,3,Zimbabwe,4,
ltr
item
Unplugged Magazine: 20 unconscious biases that still impact black women today
20 unconscious biases that still impact black women today
https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-qFGFN0JK0f4/XmJYoYz7c6I/AAAAAAAB-Ps/7kE6HTTSrbkcRXA85qNUKhmsR9CwChxtQCLcBGAsYHQ/s1600/1.jpg
https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-qFGFN0JK0f4/XmJYoYz7c6I/AAAAAAAB-Ps/7kE6HTTSrbkcRXA85qNUKhmsR9CwChxtQCLcBGAsYHQ/s72-c/1.jpg
Unplugged Magazine
https://unplugged.dearjulius.com/2020/03/20-unconscious-biases-that-still-impact.html
https://unplugged.dearjulius.com/
https://unplugged.dearjulius.com/
https://unplugged.dearjulius.com/2020/03/20-unconscious-biases-that-still-impact.html
true
7156791814370638008
UTF-8
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Read More Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share to a social network STEP 2: Click the link on your social network Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy